Mount Everest is located in the Himalayas and reaches an impressive height of 8848 meters. You can experience the coldest temperatures in the world while at the summit of Mount Everest, and because of that, the wildlife and green vegetation are quite sparse.

The Himalayan mountain range and the region are not suitable for wildlife. But the Sagarmatha National Park in the region has many endangered and rare species of wildlife. Pristine National Park conserves and protects natural life in the Everest region. Much more intriguing are the animals that have adapted to life in the harsh realities of Mount Everest.

Down below, we will talk about what kinds of Mount Everest animals live in the cold and freezing temperatures of the Himalayas.

Mount Everest Animals And Their Characteristics

Mount Everest animals and their characteristics

Red Panda

The population of red pandas is diminishing day by day. The animal is on the IUCN’s red list because it could face extinction. The reason behind this is that their fur is very valuable (in the black market) and sought out by the rich and wealthy of the world.

Red Pandas have brown-reddish fur with a long tail. They eat bamboo but can also consume insects and birds. Travelers stumble upon them during dawn as they are shy animals that are not active during the daytime. These pandas are very territorial and solitary. Their main region on Everest is Jorsale.

Snow Leopard

A really beautiful animal that is native to the Himalayas is the snow leopard. This animal is also found on the red list of the IUCN as a vulnerable animal. There are fewer than 10,000 snow leopards alive right now. According to research, by 2040, the population of snow leopards will decrease by 10%. Habitat loss and poaching are the two leading reasons behind their population decline.

You can find these leopards in the Alpine region at elevations of 3,000–4,500 meters. Snow Leopards have short and small ears to reduce heat loss and wide paws for convenient walking.

The flexible and long tail is mostly made with fat that helps the leopard balance on challenging terrain. On the list of Mount Everest animals, the snow leopard is a predator who likes to mark its territory.

Musk Deer

Musk deer look very similar to small deer, but in reality, both come from different families. The difference between the two is that Musk deer lack facial and antler glands in favor of Musk glands. You can find this animal in the forest and alpine scrub in the foothills of the Himalayas.

Adult males have their musk glands between the umbilicus and the genitals. During the breeding season, the males produce secretions to attract females. They live in the hills and leave their scent to mark their areas. These deer are most active between dawn and dusk.

Wild Yak

Wild yaks are ancestors of domestic cattle. Female yaks are roughly 30% smaller than wild bull yaks. They have very strong legs and bulky body frames. The wild yaks have shaggy hair with a woolly undercoat that works like insulation in freezing temperatures.

The wild yaks are hunted down by snow leopards and Himalayan wolves.

These animals are not at ease with humans around; they either become aggressive or flee. You can find them from Tengboche to Namche in the Everest region.

Himalayan Pika

This is a small mammal that is found at high altitudes in the Himalayas. Thankfully, this animal is safe and has been listed in the “least concern” category by IUCN. They live at altitudes of 2400 to 4200 m.

Their natural habitat is cliffs, rocky regions, and screes of coniferous forest. They stay away from humans and feed on leaves, grass, and various plants.

Black Bear

The black bear is found in China, Pakistan, India, Nepal, and Bhutan. These bears are subspecies of black Asian bears. You can locate these bears in warmer altitudes like 3,000–3700 meters.

They eat fruits, honey, nuts, and acorns, among many other things. They are omnivorous creatures who also dine on insects like larvae and beetles to sustain themselves. But in some situations, they can also feed on sheep, cattle, and goats. Due to human encroachment and forest fires, they are listed as vulnerable by the IUCN.

Mountain Weasel

They live in grassy woodlands and tundra, which are high-altitude places. Abandoned tree trunks and burrows are home to these animals. They are quite small in size and are located in regions from Nepal to Kazakhstan.

The IUCN has listed mountain weasels as threatened because of their gradual population decline. They are trying their best to conserve these animals. Mountain weasels are polygynous and only get together in the mating season. Due to their anatomy, they are quite agile and can swim, climb, and run pretty easily.

They communicate both vocally and visually and can alert their mates by producing an alert sound in the presence of a predator.

The Yellow-Throated Marten

Native to the Asian continent, the IUCN has listed the yellow-throated marten on the red list as “Least Concern.” This is because the species is well spread out on the Asian continent, with minimal threats and a stable population.

The creature is large and has fur in a combination of white, brown, black, and golden-yellow. There are plenty of interesting Mount Everest animals, among which this Yellow-throated Marten stands out quite well. They have a diet of small deer, nectar, and fruits. They are robust, with pleasing colors on their fur, though they can smell unpleasant most of the time. They live in the Namche region.

Now that we have discussed Mount Everest animals, let us explore some of the Mount Everest birds. The beauty and amazing species of Mount Everest animals are beyond our imagination, which is why organizations like IUCN are trying to conserve them.

Mount Everest Birds And Their Characteristics

Mount Everest birds and their characteristics

After getting to know the different Mount Everest animals, let’s explore the amazing birds of the Himalayas.

Tibetan Snowcocks

These birds are spotted in the foothills of the Tibetan Plateau and Himalayas. It is a pheasant family bird with a white crescent patch (behind the eye) and grey hair. The females have buff and blackish marks, postocular patches, and lack the tarsal.

The Tibetan snowcocks are not on the threatened list of animals on the IUCN list.

Himalayan Monal

A pheasant native to the Himalayan forests is the Himalayan Monal. This is also on the “least concerning” list by the IUCN. The Himalayan Monal is the national bird of Nepal, and the natives know this bird by the name “Dance.” The bird measures 28 inches in length.

Blood Peasant

The bird has a short tail and is relatively small in size. The blood peasant is a native to the eastern Himalayas. The slow decline in the population puts this bird in the “least threatened” category by the IUCN.

They build their nest just above ground level and have a relatively long incubation period. And this is the reason behind their trampling and habitat degradation.

This bird is very beautiful and significant.

Mount Everest animals are very unique in their own way and have always been eye-catching. There are many more animals that live in the cold regions of the Himalayas.

Now let us look at some facts about Mount Everest itself.

Interesting Facts About Mount Everest

About Us Everest ER Doctors

The mountain that reaches the sky is filled with interesting history and facts. Did you know Mount Everest is known as the “roof of the world”? Mount Everest animals and birds have interesting facts as well, but Everest itself is one-of-a-kind, with intriguing stories to keep you enthralled in its mysteries.

40 Cm Is Added Each Century To Mount Everest’s Height.

The Himalayas are getting taller because of the uplift of the Eurasian Plate. This is caused by the Indian Plate sliding slowly underneath the Eurasian Plate. On average, Everest rises about 0.2 inches (4 millimeters) per year and 16 inches (40 centimeters) per century.

Mount Everest Has A Geological Age Of More Than 60 Million Years.

Marine fossils were first discovered by an explorer named Noel Odell in 1924. This helped us to prove that at some point, Mount Everest was covered in the ocean. Submarine sedimentary rocks like sandstone and limestone were found during the submersion; these rocks were about 450 million years old.

But some geologists say that Everest became a mountain 60 million years ago when the Eurasian plate collided with the Indian plate.

In 1953, The First Successful Ascent Of Mount Everest Took Place.

Sir Edmund Hillary was the first person to climb Mount Everest on May 29th, 1953. He was a sherpa from Nepal who came from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay.

More Than 9000 People Have Climbed Mount Everest.

Over 5000 people have been able to climb Mount Everest successfully. The person who has climbed Mount Everest the most times is Sherpa Kami Rita. He climbed the mountain for the 24th time in May 2019.

The sherpa has managed to climb other peaks that are higher than 8000 meters, like Annapurna, Cho-Oyu, Manaslu, and Lhotse.

Sherpas Can Climb Mount Everest Without Oxygen.

You might have heard about the sherpas before; they help and guide people to submit to Everest.

They live on the sides of the Himalayas and have had to survive in thin air since their birth. The natural, challenging conditions have helped them evolve biologically. They have increased hemoglobin as compared to ordinary people.

The inherent factor in the sherpas allows them to tackle the low oxygen conditions of the Himalayas.

They are known as the best guides for Mount Everest and not only help you with guiding but also help you carry the oxygen tanks and other supplies. They also go on rescue missions in case someone is lost during the summit.

They could charge you five times more than an ordinary climber. The Sherpas, on average, charge 5,000 dollars for an expedition (even upwards).

More Than 300 People Have Lost Their Lives On Mount Everest.

Everest is the seventh most dangerous mountain in the world, with a 2-percentage-point death rate in 2018. It is very common to stumble upon dead bodies on Everest. Mount Everest animals have been a great thread too, but the mountain itself is a death trap.

In the case of casualties, the dead bodies are left on the mountain as landmarks that could help other mountaineers. It is physically impossible to carry a deceased person down from the summit with low oxygen and cold temperature. Therefore, it is a huge decision when someone decides to summit Everest. The same happens with Mount Everest animals who die; they are either eaten by other animals or get buried in the snow.

The Oxygen Tank Could Be Stolen.

Climbers usually find their oxygen tanks have been stolen even before they start on their summits. This either makes them abort the mission or go back to replenish the supplies at base camp.

One tank lasts five hours, and an average climber requires at least seven tanks to climb and get back from the summit.

You Can’t Fly Up To Mount Everest With A Helicopter.

Usually, helicopters can fly up to a height of 5000 meters. Talking about Everest, we know the region has low air density, and therefore the helicopter propellers can not achieve lift. In the event of an emergency, people cannot be rescued using helicopters.

The helicopters that are of high performance can barely reach the Everest base. However, this is very rarely used, as it is very expensive to get up and down from Everest base camp.

What’s even more interesting is that the bar-headed geese can fly up to 28,000 feet and have been seen going over the mountain range.

Jumping Spiders Are The Only Animals To Live Permanently On Mount Everest.

Jumping spiders are the only animals to live permanently on Mount Everest

As we said, Mount Everest animals stay or live at altitudes of 3000 or 5000 meters, but here, we have jumping spiders who permanently live on Everest at an altitude of 6700 meters, which is approximately 22,000 feet.

These spiders live and hide in crevices and nooks on the Everest slopes.

Animals like snow leopards, Himalayan yaks, and others are found below 6000 meters of altitude.

There is a lot more to learn about Mount Everest animals and how they exist in such harsh terrain. They are beautiful animals that have not been studied for a long time and are now on the verge of extinction. Hopefully, the IUCN can help them survive. Along with Mount Everest animals, we also looked into Mount Everest birds. Several birds are flying around the Himalayas. Thankfully, most of the Mount Everest animals are listed as β€œleast concern” on the extinction list.

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